There is a dire need for institutional capacity and efficient governance to deal with the issues of conflict, violence and fragility (CVF) in Pakistan. Keeping in view the growing trend of extremism on the basis of religion, ethnicity, ideology and political affiliations, state authorities have yet to develop effective and efficient conflict prevention and resolution mechanisms. The natural disaster such as floods, droughts and earthquake have further increased the vulnerabilities of the local communities greatly affecting the social cohesion and structures.

The proposed study helped to determine the core drivers, causes and dynamics of CVF in Pakistan, which provided the contextual understanding of the issue. Furthermore, the study will contribute towards the development of relevant government policies to deal with the issues of CVF in Pakistan.


The main objective of the study was to carry out a research to develop options for policy, programmatic, and advocacy work on Conflict, Violence, and Fragility (CVF). The objectives also aimed at analyzing the dynamics indicating Pakistan’s fragility to deal with plentiful crises, the conflict like situation and the string of different forms of violence, which encaged the entire country from Karachi to Gilgit-Baltistan.

The specified objectives that were studied by the research were:

  1. To identify the drivers of the CVF in Pakistan.
  2. To find out the actors and factors of CVF in Pakistan.
  3. To gauge the level of CVF in the country.
  4. To inform policy to deal with the CVF and safeguard the interests of its citizens.